Is there mercury in fish oils? How do you know the fish oil you're taking is really free of mercury, PCB's, lead and other contaminants? Is it better to eat fish or take fish oil supplements?
While fish oils provide an excellent source of omega 3 fatty acids, there's a good chance you could be putting toxic chemicals in your body!
Now you can learn a simple method to help you determine the purity of your fish oil and if it's been properly tested for mercury and other contaminants.
We all know how fish is good for us and we should try to eat 2 - 3 servings of fish per week.
Fish is a rich source of omega 3 fatty acids and these special fats play a direct role in preventing cardiovascular disease.
Omega 3 fatty acids have been proven to reduce inflammation, lower your risk for heart disease and improve mood.
Your body can't manufacture omega 3 fatty acids, so you need to get them through your diet; either by eating food sources or taking omega 3 supplements.
The problem with eating fish is it may contain high levels of mercury, called methylmercury.
Methylmercury is toxic and is absorbed into the fish from the water they swim in. Fish can also consume mercury from eating other fish.
Scientists have found that larger fish higher up in the food chain (shark and swordfish) have higher tissue concentrations of mercury (1 µg per gram of fish weight).
Smaller fish, such as tuna, trout, pike and bass, have lower levels of 0.1 - 0.5 µg/gram.
Research shows there's a direct correlation between how much fish you eat and your relative mercury levels in your body.
Eating certain kinds of fish may expose your body to excessive mercury levels and other contaminants. There's also the concern of PCB's, lead and other contaminants from eating fish.
Studies found that excessive mercury levels may promote atherosclerosis and free radical damage.
Symptoms of mercury poisoning include itching, burning, skin discoloration, kidney dysfunction, loss of memory and profuse sweating.
Doctors have advised pregnant women to limit their intake of fish to avoid exposing their unborn babies to mercury; exposure can affect your baby's brain and nervous system.
Normal mercury levels in people that don't eat fish are about 2.0 micrograms per Liter (µg/L).
People that eat 2 - 4 servings of fish per week may have mercury levels up to 8.4 µg/L.
Mercury is a natural element in our world. We're normally exposed to very low levels of mercury on a day-to-day basis.
This silver colored substance is found in small amounts in many rocks. Natural background levels of mercury can be found in the air, soil and water.
Dentists used to use mercury in dental fillings, but this practice is declining due to a decrease in tooth decay and the appearance of better substitute materials.
Other sources of mercury are thermostats, thermometers and fluorescent lamps.
Did you know that you can get mercury from nasal sprays and eye drops? I was surprised to learn this after reading the FDA database of mercury levels in drugs and other biologic products.
Air Pollution is a
Although there are natural sources of mercury, extraneous forms of mercury are released into the environment from burning coal for fuel, waste incineration and smelting mines.
Dozens of factories throughout the world could be unwittingly releasing excessive mercury into the environment, indirectly increasing mercury levels in fish and other wildlife.
This raises the concern of eating fish that may increase our intake of mercury. There's no doubt that eating fish offers us many health benefits; the omega 3 fatty acids are proven to improve cardiovascular health along with many other benefits.
So how do we get the health benefits of fish, while avoiding unnecessary exposure to mercury?
Researchers believe taking concentrated fish oil supplements may be the key to getting the healthful omega 3 fatty acids from fish, while avoiding exposure to excessive levels of mercury.
The big questions are is there mercury in fish oils and how much is a safe level?
It so happens that some doctors at Harvard Medical School asked the same question. They recently tested the amount of mercury in 5 different brands of fish oil bought from health food stores and the internet.
Samples of Fish Oils Tested for Mercury:
CVS Pharmacy Fish Oil Concentrate
The capsules were punctured and liquid contents were sent for mercury level analysis. Mercury levels lower than 6 ug/L. would be labeled as insignificant levels.
Results showed none of the 5 brands contained significant amounts of mercury.
Nordic Naturals Ultimate Omega, Sundown, and Kirkland brands all showed zero levels of mercury (below 6 ug/L). The Omega Brite brand had 12 µg/L of mercury and the CVS brand contained 10 µg/L.
The mercury in fish oils analyzed is similar to mercury levels found in people who regularly eat fish.
All 5 samples of fish oil supplements had negligible amounts of mercury. Researchers believe this means the mercury is removed during manufacturing process or the fish sources used in these samples are relatively free of mercury.
The study also shows that even large doses of concentrated fish oils should not cause mercury toxicity.
For example, researchers found that six 1000 mg. Omega Brite fish oil capsules contains 0.072 µg of mercury. This is equivalent to 2.1% of the mean daily mercury intake in the typical North American population.
Using purified-grade fish oils may help you avoid any potential exposure to mercury, PCB's, lead and other contaminants.
Some manufacturers use FDA-registered laboratories to test for mercury and other contaminants. Others use third-party laboratories to test their products for purity.
A popular method for checking the mercury content, purity and quality levels of fish oils is the International Fish Oil Standards (IFOS).
The IFOS is an independent lab that routinely tests a variety of fish oil supplements following very strict standards set forth by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Council of Responsible Nutrition.
The majority of the fish oils tested are submitted by companies that wish to have their oils tested; a fee is paid for this service and the test results are available from the IFOS website.
Not all fish oils are tested for the same number of parameters; some companies will meet the minimum standards and other fish oil companies may strive for extremely strict controls.
If you're looking for the lowest levels of mercury in fish oils, you could use fish oils that come with a Certificate of Analysis (COA) so you can determine the exact levels found in each tested fish oil.
Dr. Sears OmegaRX
Dr. Sears Omega 3 Concentrates is one such product that provides one of the lowest levels of contaminants and the highest concentration of omega 3 levels.
International Fish Oil Standards test results show Dr. Sears Zone Labs Omega 3 Concentrates contains less than 50% of the minimal accepted levels of PCB's and Dioxins suggested by the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) and the World Health Organizaiton (WHO).
This is an exceptionally low amount as most labs set their acceptable contaminant levels at higher amounts.
Avoiding mercury in fish oils is quite simple when you have the information you need to make an informed decision. It's recommended you research the company behind the product you're interested in using; this will go a long way in helping you avoid mercury in fish oils and getting the highest quality products for your health and well-being.
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Measurement of Mercury Levels in Concentrated Over-the-Counter Fish Oil Preparations: Is Fish Oil Healthier Than Fish? Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine: Vol. 127, No. 12. S. Foran, J. Flood, K. Lewandrowski
Mercury and fish oil supplements. MedGenMed 2001;3:20 Schaller JL
Intake of mercury from fish, lipid peroxidation, and the risk of myocardial infarction and coronary, cardiovascular, and any death in eastern Finnish men. Circulation 1995;91:645655. Salonen JT, Seppanen K, Nyyssonen K. et al.